Can Art-based Programs Nurture Human Capital Among Youth?

Área de publicación Personas
Tipo de publicación Working Papers
Lugar de publicación UAI
Fecha de publicación 2020
Autores Pablo Egaña

This paper explores the role that participation in art-based program has on the development of creativity as well as cognitive and non-cognitive skills I performed an impact evaluation of an Art based program in Chilean´s public high schools on the development of creativity, cognitive and socio-emotional skill, and behaviors. One of the main contributions with respect to previous literature is the quasi-experimental design that makes causality plausible. Fourth main findings are derived from the empirical part. Firstly, the intensity of treatment is crucial. Indeed, the impacts of an art-based program on the aforementioned dimensions become statistically and economically significant when the students had taken at least two workshops. Secondly, it is shown that the participation on the Acciona Art Program (AP) impact academic achievement by producing a more flexible and sharp understanding of novel knowledge or theoretical frameworks. Specifically, the impact on GPA was 0.55 standard deviations (s.d), while it was 0.61 s.d. on Avg. Language Grade, 0.36 on Avg. Math Grade, and 0.33 s.d. on Avg. Art Grade. Thirdly, the impact of AP on creativity is positive and significant when students had at least two AP workshops. Fourth, related to behaviors, AP had a positive impact on the time spent watching films at home, creating cultural goods—i.e., handicrafts, poetry, theatre-, tendency to read magazines, books, or comics, and to go to the cinema, to the library, and, very striking, the willingness to consider further post-secondary education. An understanding of the link between art-based program participation and the development of cognitive and non-cognitive skills would allow for the design of educational policies that pursue a more fruitful outcome than more traditional educational systems.

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